You will prepare and submit a term paper on The Bhopal Gas Disaster. Your paper should be a minimum of 1750 words in length.
UCIL was publicized as being designed and constructed based on two decades of experience with the MIC facility of UC in West Virginia, USA.No incident demonstrates the importance of green engineering ideologies in all designs better than the Bhopal disaster. Among the biggest chemical accidents in history took place in Bhopal, in 1984 when a poisonous fog spread throughout the city from the Union Carbide pesticide facility. This accident resulted in the permanent disability of 120,000 people and the demise of 20,000 individuals.
People usually mention a failure or disaster that originates from not using the scientific principles properly, such as an inaccurate interpretation of a physical theory, a mathematical miscalculation, and so on. Another form of failure stems from misinterpretations of human aspects. The Bhopal tragedy had both of these.Maintenance protocols and safety standards at the facility had been worsening and disregarded for months. A record of the flaws of the MIC (methyl isocyanate) units reveals the following.
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First, gauges specifying pressure and temperature in the different components of the unit, as well as the important MIC storage tanks, were quite particularly undependable that employees paid no attention to early indications of defects or problems. Second, the refrigeration system for sustaining low temperatures at MIC, and thus less prone to go through expansion and excessive heating in case an impurity goes into the tank, had been closed down for a certain duration of time. Third, the gas scrubber, intended to defuse accidentally discharging MIC, had been closed down for maintenance.
Supposing it had been operational, post-disaster investigations showed, the highest pressure it could tolerate was merely one-quarter that which was really recorded during the mishap.