Write a 3–5 page safety score improvement plan for mitigating concerns, addressing a specific patient-safety goal that is relevant to quality patient care. Determine what a best evidence-based pract

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Write a 3–5 page safety score improvement plan for mitigating concerns, addressing a specific patient-safety goal that is relevant to quality patient care. Determine what a best evidence-based practice is and design a plan for resolving issues resulting from not maintaining patient safety.

Quality improvement and patient safety are health care industry imperatives (Institute of Medicine’s Committee on Quality of Health Care in America, 2001). Effective quality improvement results in system and organizational change. This ultimately contributes to the creation of a patient safety culture.

Consider the hospital-acquired conditions that are not reimbursed for under Medicare/Medicaid. Among these conditions are specific safety issues such as infections, falls, medication errors, and other safety concerns that could have been prevented or alleviated with the use of evidence-based guidelines. Hospital Safety Score, an independent nonprofit organization, uses national performance measures to determine the safety score for hospitals in the United States. The Hospital Safety Score Web site and other online resources provide hospital safety scores to the public.Read the scenario below:


As the manager of a unit, you have been advised by the patient safety office of an alarming increase in the hospital safety score for your unit. This is a very serious public relations matter because patient safety data is public information. It is also a financial crisis because the organization stands to lose a significant amount of reimbursement money from Medicare and Medicaid unless the source of the problem can be identified and corrected. You are required to submit a safety score improvement plan to the organization’s leadership and the patient safety office.Select a specific patient safety goal that has been identified by an organization, or one that is widely regarded in the nursing profession as relevant to quality patient care delivery, such as patient falls, infection rates, catheter-induced urinary infections, IV infections, et cetera.Deliverable: Safety Score Improvement PlanDevelop a 3–5 page safety score improvement plan.

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  • Identify the health care setting and nursing unit of your choice in the title of the mitigation plan. For example, “Safety Score Improvement Plan for XYZ Rehabilitation Center.”
  • You may choose to use information on a patient safety issue for the organization in which you currently work, or search for information from a setting you are familiar with, perhaps from your clinical work.

    • Demonstrate systems theory and systems thinking as you develop your recommendations.
  • Organize your report with these headings:

    Study of Factors
  • Identify a patient safety issue.
  • Describe the influence of nursing leadership in driving the needed changes.
  • Apply systems thinking to explain how current policies and procedures may affect a safety issue.

  • Recommendations
  • Recommend an evidence-based strategy to improve the safety issue.
  • Explain a strategy to collect information about the safety concern.

    • How would you determine the sources of the problem?
  • Explain a plan to implement a recommendation and monitor outcomes.

    • What quality indicators will you use?
    • How will you monitor outcomes?
    • Will policies or procedures need to be changed?
    • Will nursing staff need training?
    • What tools will you need to do this?
  • Additional Requirements

  • Written communication

    : Written communication should be free of errors that detract from the overall message.

  • APA formatting

    : Resources and in-text citations should be formatted according to current APA style and formatting.

  • Length

    : The plan should be 3–5 pages.

  • Font and font size

    : Times New Roman, 12 point, double-spaced.

  • Number of resources

    : Use a minimum of three peer-reviewed resources.

Example of well graded paper attached to use as a reference.

Write a 3–5 page safety score improvement plan for mitigating concerns, addressing a specific patient-safety goal that is relevant to quality patient care. Determine what a best evidence-based pract
Running head: SAFETY SCORE IMPROVE MENT PLAN 1 Copyright ©2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. Safety Score Improvement Plan for TrueWill General Hospital Learner’s Name Capella University Organizational and System Management for Quality Outcomes Safety Score Improvement Plan May, 2017 SAFETY SCORE IMPROVE MENT PLAN 2 Copyright ©2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. Safety Score Improvement Plan for TrueWill General Hospital Nursing professionals are key players in maintain ing a culture of quality care and patient safety in a health care environment . Their role in addressing specific patient safety i ssue s will be discussed using the example of TrueWill General Hospital (TGH ), a 1 ,500 -bed multispecialty hospital in the United States . The hospital regularly reports its performance data to the Hospital Safety Score , a nongovernmental organization that ranks hospitals on their safety rate . The safety score for the orthopedic inpatient unit of TGH has alarmingly increased because of the number of patient injuries resulting from falls. The negative score can affect the image of the hospital , because patie nt falls are preventable hospital -acquired conditions. The nurse manager of the unit has been advised by the hospital’s patient safety office to identify the cause of the problem, determine an evidence -based safety score improvement plan, and devise measur able long -term solutions for the safety issue. Factors behind the Patient Safety Issue Patient falls are one of the most reported patient safety incidents in health care practice . According to the American Nurses Association (n.d.) , it is a serious problem in nursing and health care ; as injuries resulting from fall s can lead to permanent loss of function of certain body parts or even death . According to systems theory, adverse events such as patient falls are related to the quality of ca re provided by health care professionals at the front line of operations such as nursing professionals ( Lawton, Carruthers, Gardner, Wright, & McEachan, 2012 ). Health care experts have relied on systems theory and systems thinking perspectives to analyze the incidence of safety issues as a nursing challenge . The theory states that problems in any part of a system, such as the nursing department in a hospital , will affect the functioning of Comment [A1]: Yes, patient falls and how can lead to adverse effects, even death. SAFETY SCORE IMPROVE MENT PLAN 3 Copyright ©2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. the hospital as a whole . Therefore, larger organizational systems should be taken into consideration while implementing changes in nursing profession to improve safety issues . Influence of Leadership in Changes for Safety Nurse leaders at TGH are an important systems factor in driving changes at the organizational and clinical level . The importance of leadership in achieving better patient outcomes or patient experiences was explored in a study of leadership practices and styles (Wong, Cummings, & Ducharme, 2013) . The study show ed that relational leadership styles , which focused on people and relations, improved patient outcomes because nurse leaders were able to assess patients’ needs better and coordinate staff and resources accordingly (Wong et al., 2013 ). TGH nurse leaders can use relational leadership styles to analyze the systems effect of safety issues on patients and nursing professionals . The leadership style can improve job satisfaction among nursing professionals by better managing staff and can enhance patient safety and satisfaction by providing quality care . Relational nurse leaders are also able to effectively use systems theory to analyze organizational policies and procedures that impact patients directly and affect the way nursing professionals deliver care. The Effect s of Policies and Proce dures on Safety Issues Policies and procedures govern every aspect of nursing such as management of s taff , modes of health care delivery, and fiscal and material resources . When applied to policies and procedures governing staff management, systems theory helps nurse leaders assess the competencies of their nursing professionals, plan staff schedules to prevent work overload , hir e more nurses to address shortages , and introduce strategies to retain current nurses. Comment [A2]: Yes, patient centered care. SAFETY SCORE IMPROVE MENT PLAN 4 Copyright ©2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. The dynamic systems model , a systems -theory -based model , can help nurse leaders monitor and reassess those policies (Morath, 2011). It promotes a transparent health care system where nurses are trained to (a) provide transparent care, (b) antici pate and pullback from risky practice, (c) wo rk with other health care professionals, (d) monitor peers, and (e) be innovative and open to new technology that tests and studies safety practices. The model requires nurse leaders to research potential safety issues and gather evidence about those issue s before implementing specific changes . Recommendations to Ensure Patient Safety Introducing changes for patient safety starts with collecting information, which will ensure an evidence -based approach to solving problems. The data collected will help devise a safety improvement plan . A structured approach to organizational change is important if the plan is to be properly implemented . The root cause analysis (RCA) is a systematic analysis of the common causes of safety issu es. The RCA also devises strategies to prevent future safety incidents . Based on systems theory, the techniques of the RCA move beyond individual blame for clinical errors and examine the organizational factors that contribute to the errors (Huber, 2017; D olansky & Moore, 2013). According to Dolansky and Moore, all nursing professionals must know how to conduct the RCA as it teaches them about systems theory . However, there are difficulties in obtaining information for the RCA . Teams that conduct RCAs o ften overlook important evidence in the care process in their hurry to complete the analysis before the stipulated 45 days set by the Joint Commission (Wocher, 2015). The lack of information can impede strategies for implementing evidence -based changes in safety . Evidence -based Strategy to Improve Patient Safety Comment [A3]: The model promotes… Comment [A4]: Reference? Comment [A5]: Good inclusion of QSEN, to improve include limitations of the strategy. SAFETY SCORE IMPROVE MENT PLAN 5 Copyright ©2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. Competency development integrated into staff management is a proven strategy in improving patient outcomes . One evidence -based education plan that can be adapted to clinical practice is the Qual ity and Safety Education in Nursing (QSEN) initiative. F unded by the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, the competencies of the QSEN integrat e quality improvement and safety management into nursing education (Dolansky & Moore, 2013) . With the QSEN’s backgrou nd in systems theory, nursing professionals can apply it at the individual and organizational level s of care. The six competencies of the QSEN are as follows : (a) patient -centered care, (b) evidence -based practice, (c) teamwork and collaboration, (d) safet y, (e) quality improvement, and (f) informatics (Dolansky & Moore, 2013) . Nursing professionals who develop these competencies are better able to deliver safe care and solve safety issues. However, there are limitations to the QSEN strategy. The QSEN is more than a decade old and has not been updated. Despite these difficulties, the QSEN competencies have become a key component of quality care and patient safety. Plan to Implement Safety Recommendation and Monitor Outcomes The education department tea ches staff to think like systems thinkers and develop personal mastery over the profession and system (Burke & Hellwig, 2011). The education department at TGH could integrate QSEN competencies into education programs using a framework for organizationa l le arning called the Baldrige f ramework . A system of continuous quality improvement, the Baldrige framework explains seven criteria that are indicators of quality for organizational learning programs : (a) leadership ; (b) strategic planning ; (c) focus on patients, other customers, and markets ; (d) measurement, analysis, and knowledge management ; (e) workforce focus ; (f) process management ; and (g) org anizational performance results (Burke & Hellwig, 2011; Huber, 2017). Educational o utcomes ca n be monitored at two levels : (a) the Comment [A6]: Need to elaborate a little more about accountability of staff. SAFETY SCORE IMPROVE MENT PLAN 6 Copyright ©2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. systems level where organizational performance is reviewed through patient and customer satisfaction surveys, scorecards, and human resources indicators; and (b) at the departmental level through pre – and post -testing of nursing professionals, course evaluations, further training of select nursing professionals, and assessment s. The improvement of safety standards at TGH starts with developing the competency of its nurse leaders and nursing professionals. Because nursi ng professionals are at the front lines of care delivery, nurse educators should tailor program s, content , and goals to suit the unique needs of the nursing profession. Conclusion Patient safety issues such as patient falls are commonplace in a health care organization. Health care professionals must develop the foresight and strategic thinking to identify patient safety issues early and have solutions at the ready. The example of TGH shows the importance of preemptively addressing safety issues in nursing instead of letting them fester over time and affect organizational performance. TrueWill General Hospital and its leadership should take an active interest in developing nursing co mpetencies continuou sly, focusing on quality and safety education. Embedding these ideas into the safety score improvement plan will create a lasting culture of quality care and patient safety. These are the standards that define the organization’s image i n health care . Comment [A7]: Good! SAFETY SCORE IMPROVE MENT PLAN 7 Copyright ©2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. References American Nurses Association. (n.d.). Patient Falls. Retrieved from http://ana.nursingworld.org/qualitynetwork/patientfallsreduction.pdf Burke, K. M., & Hellwig, S. D. (2011). Education in high -performing hospitals: Using the Baldrige framework to demonstrate positive outcomes. The Journal of Continuing Education in Nursing , 42(7), 299 –305. https://dx.doi/10.3928/00220124 -20110103 -01 Dolansky, M. A., & Moore, S. M. (2013). Quality and safety education for nurses (QSEN): The key is systems thinking. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing , 18(3). https://dx.doi/10.3912/OJIN.Vol18No03Man01 Huber, D. L. (201 7). Leadership and nursing care management (6th ed.) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders. http://dx.doi.org/10.7748/nm.21.6. 13.s14 Lawton, R., Carruthers, S., Gardner, P., Wright, J., & McEachan, R. R. C. (2012). Identifying the latent failures underpinning medication administration errors: An exploratory study. Health Services Research , 47(4), 1437 –1459. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475 – 6773.2012.01390.x Morath, J. (2011). Nurses creat e a culture of patient safety: I t takes more than projects. Online journal of issues in nursing , 16(3) . https://dx.doi/10.3912/OJIN.Vol16No03Man02 The Joint Commission. (2015 ). Root cause analysis in health care: Tools and techniques (5th ed.). Retrieved from http:// jcrinc.com/assets/1/14/EBRCA15Sample.pdf Tomlinson, J. (2012). Exploration of transformational and distributed leadership. Nursing Management , 19(4), 30 –34. http:/ /dx.doi.org/10.7748/nm2012. SAFETY SCORE IMPROVE MENT PLAN 8 Copyright ©2017 Capella University. Copy and distribution of this document are prohibited. Wocher, J. C. (2015). The i mportance of a rigorous root cause analysis (RCA) for healthcare sentinel events. Japan -hospitals: T he Journal of the Japan Hospital Association , 34, 23 – 27. Retrieved from http:// hospital.or.jp/e/pdf/13_20150700_01.pdf#page=26 Wong, C. A., Cummings, G. G., & Ducharme, L. (2013). The relationship between nursing leadership and patient outcomes: A systematic review update. Journal of nursing management , 21(5), 709 –724. https://dx.doi /10.1111/jonm.12116


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