Please help with this assignment. Please strictly follow the attached rubric and address all topics. Please also use the Evidence Based resource as a guideline. The research problem is Breast Cancer i

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Please help with this assignment. Please strictly follow the attached rubric and address all topics. Please also use the Evidence Based resource as a guideline. The research problem is Breast Cancer in African American Women.

Please help with this assignment. Please strictly follow the attached rubric and address all topics. Please also use the Evidence Based resource as a guideline. The research problem is Breast Cancer i
HCM 440 Annotated Bibliography Rubric Annotated bibliographies provide you with the opportunity to cite, summarize, and compare and contrast resources you will use in a paper. You will cite each resource in APA style, write an approximately 150-word description that summarizes the central theme and scope of the resource, and compare and contrast it with other resources. For more information on annotated bibliographies, consult the SNHU Writing Center’s annotated bibliography guide. Submit a summary and analysis of six research articles relevant to the research problem that you have chosen. Critical Elements Exemplary (100%) Proficient (85%) Needs Improvement (55%) Not Evident (0%) Value Quality of Evidence Meets “Proficient” criteria, is clear, and uses a variety of sources Uses six credible and reliable primary sources of research articles Fewer than six reliable and credible primary sources of research articles are used Research articles used are not reliable or credible. Primary sources of research articles are not used 20 Analysis of Evidence Meets “Proficient” criteria and uses substantial details to analyze the research article being evaluated Identifies the central themes related to research problem. Clear description of the research methodology is presented Does not sufficiently link research article to research problem. Research methodology is not clearly presented There is no clear link between research article and research problem. Discussion of research methodology is not present 20 Applicability to Research Meets “Proficient” criteria and uses substantial details to analyze the research article being evaluated Clearly identifies how research article contributes to the development of research topic Does not sufficiently identify how research article contributes to the development of the research topic There is a lack of discussion on how the research article relates to the research topic 20 Organization Applies highly effective pattern of organization around a logical flow (introduction, body, and conclusion) to effectively analyze the research article Applies clear pattern of organization around a logical flow (introduction, body, and conclusion) to effectively analyze the research article Does not sufficiently apply clear pattern of organization around a logical flow (introduction, body, and conclusion) to effectively analyze the research article Organization of ideas is not evident 20 Articulation of Response Submission is free of errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, and syntax and is presented in a professional and easy-to-read format. APA format is used correctly with few to no errors Submission has no major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, or syntax. Correct APA format is used most of the time Submission has major errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, or syntax that negatively impact readability and articulation of main ideas. Correct APA format is used Submission has critical errors related to citations, grammar, spelling, or syntax that prevent understanding of ideas. Correct APA format is not used 20 Earned Total 100%
Please help with this assignment. Please strictly follow the attached rubric and address all topics. Please also use the Evidence Based resource as a guideline. The research problem is Breast Cancer i
COMMON TYPES OF QUESTIONS: Therapy — how to select treatments to offer patients that do more good than harm and that are worth the efforts and costs of using them Diagnostic Test — how to select and interpret diagnostic tests, in order to confirm or exclude a diagnosis, based on considering their specificity, sensitivity, likelihood ratios, expense, safety, etc. Prognosis — how to estimate the patient’s likely clinical course over time and anticipate likely complications of disease Harm/Etiology — how to identify causes for disease (including iatrogenic forms) Prevention — how to reduce the chance of disease by identifying and modifying risk factors and how to diagnose early by screening Cost-Analysis — how to compare the cost and consequences of different treatments and tests Type of Study Suggested best type of Study Therapy RCT (Randomized Controlled Trial) Diagnosis Test prospective, blind comparison to a gold standard Prognosis cohort study > case control > case series Etiology/Harm RCT> cohort > case control > case series Prevention RCT > cohort study > case control Cost-analysis economic analysis Note: Questions of therapy and prevention, which can best be answered by an RCT, can also be answered by a meta-analysis or systematic review. TYPES OF STUDY DESIGNS: A Meta-analysis takes a systematic review one step further by combining all the results using accepted statistical methodology. Systematic Reviews usually focuses on a specific clinical question and conducts an extensive literature search to identify studies with sound methodology. The studies are reviewed, assessed, and the results summarized according to the predetermined criteria of the review question. Randomized, controlled clinical trials. A prospective, analytical, experimental study using primary data generated in the clinical environment. Individuals similar at the beginning are randomly allocated to two or more groups (treatment and control) and the outcomes of the groups are compared after sufficient follow-up time. A study that shows the efficacy of a diagnostic test is called a prospective, blind comparison to a gold standard study. This is a controlled trial that looks at patients with varying degrees of an illness and administers both diagnostic tests — the test under investigation and the “gold standard” test — to all of the patients in the study. Cohort studies identify a large population who already has a specific exposure or treatment, follows them over time (prospective), and compares outcomes with another group that has not been affected by the exposure or treatment being studied. Cohort studies are observational and not as reliable as randomized controlled studies, since the two groups may differ in ways other than in the variable under study. Case control studies are studies in which patients who already have a specific condition or outcome are compared with people who do not. Researchers look back in time (retrospective) to identify possible exposures. They often rely on medical records and patient recall for data collection. These types of studies are often less reliable than randomized controlled trials and cohort studies because showing a statistical relationship does not mean than one factor necessarily caused the other. Case series and Case reports consist of collections of reports on the treatment of individual patients or a report on a single patient. Because they are reports of cases and use no control groups with which to compare outcomes, they have no statistical validity. Duke University Medical Center Library | December 2005

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