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Using the FITT principle as a guideline, design
a basic cardiovascular
weight program plan
. Be sure to specify a training goal and include exercises that workout the entire body.
Chapter 11 provides examples of workouts using the FITT principle (I upload)
For general fitness the ACSM recommends 2–3 days per week for weight training. Allow muscles at least 1 day of rest between workouts.
Amount of Resistance
The amount of weight lifted determines the way the body will adapt and how quickly it will adapt. To build strength rapidly, lift weights as heavy as 80% of your maximum capacity. For endurance, choose 40–60% of your maximum. Rather than continually assessing maximum capacity, base weight on the number of repetitions you can perform.
of Exercise: Repetitions and Sets
To improve fitness, you must perform enough repetitions to fatigue your muscles. A heavy weight and a low number of repetitions (1–5) build strength. A light weight and a high number of repetitions (15–20) build endurance. For general fitness, do 8–12 repetitions of each exercise. For older and more frail people (50–60 years of age and above), 10–15 repetitions with a lighter weight is appropriate.
or Mode of Exercise
A complete weight training program works all the major muscle groups, including neck, upper back, shoulders, arms, chest, abdomen, lower back, thighs, buttocks, and calves. Usually, 8–10 different exercises are required in order to work all major muscle groups. A balanced program includes exercises for both agonist and antagonist muscle groups. Exercise the large-muscle groups first and then small-muscle groups.