Hello I want you to make a Powerpoint presentation from the outline with proper format that i’m attaching in MSWord.
PLEASE read the whole outline first, then do the “TASK TODO” PART thank you
Hello I want you to make a Powerpoint presentation from the outline with proper format that i’m attaching in MSWord. PLEASE read the whole outline first, then do the “TASK TODO” PART thank you
LAS432 Course Project Developed Outline TaskA 20210328 TASK TO DO Instructions This assignment will be the culmination of your team’s efforts this session. The goal of the Team Presentation is to highlight the key components of your arguments, detail your recommendations, and illustrate the cohesion amongst the team. This is a team assignment. For this assignment, you will create a 20- to 25-minute presentation consisting of well-designed and visually appealing professional slides, accompanied by an audiovisual presentation (your instructor will provide specific instructions and resources). Team members should place their names at the bottom of their completed slides, and they are responsible for explaining their slides during the presentation. Although you will complete this assignment as a team, each team member must submit a copy of the assignment. The Team Presentation should include the following components. Title slide with team member introductions Outline slide to provide a scope of the argument Introduction slide to introduce key framing ideas Argument/Thesis slide to represent the core argument and frame the presentation Section slides (multiple slides per team member) where each team member will present multiple slides to summarize the research and provide analysis to support the team argument Recommendation slide(s) to provide potential solutions to the investigated problems Conclusion slide to summarize the argument and provide opportunities for continued engagement with the topic Reference slide(s) to highlight key sources and reinforce credibility Visual aids/multimedia strategically used to highlight and enhance content As you plan out your slides, you will also need to think about ways to streamline the style of the presentation and create cohesion between the various presenters. Here are some tips for making your presentation both engaging and unified. Select a slide background and font that is simple and easy to read. Limit animations and sounds and opt for simple visual transitions to help create cohesion between slides. Create a structure for team member section slides to promote a unified design. Strategically use visual aids and multimedia to enhance content and promote strong slide design. Check for consistency in font, style, and layout. Outline presentation transitions to fluidly move from one topic and presenter to another. PLEASE READ THE OUTLINE FIRST THEN WE HAVE TO DO THE POWERPOINT PRESENTATION Preliminary Questions Thesis: Record your preliminary team thesis here. Smog towers are a burgeoning technology which show promise in becoming a part in the solution to air pollution because they offer a way to clean the air post pollution, allowing society to take the time it needs to transition to a zero-carbon footprint and allowing industries that cannot achieve that goal an option to clean the pollution they make. Style and Form: What do you want the style and tone of the paper to be? What formal elements are you concerned with? How will these individual sections go together? We intend to try and be objective in our tone, presenting both sides of our argumentative style discussion. We are concerned with writing the paper in first or third person. Since this is sort of an opinion style paper, it should be written in first person but since it is a group assignment and concerns lots of factual data, it should be in third. We have chosen third as we all think we will find it easier to stay objective. The hope is for all the sections to flow as naturally as possible by building each section out from the previous section. Order: In what order will the subsection appear? Create an order that best supports the thesis and creates fluid transitions. Use this as a point of reference for your Team Developed Outline. We will introduce air pollution in the paper opening. Since this section will cover the scientific information associated with pollution, the science and technology subsection will appear first. Following this is the subsection that will discuss other possible air pollution solutions. The next section will discuss the specifics of China, India and California that have dense smog due to heavy population density and how the smog tower can be utilized to resolve their issue. The final subsection covers the possible impacts of the smog tower. We will wrap the paper up with our ethical conclusions. Introduction Thesis/Ethical concerns to be addressed Smog towers are a burgeoning technology which show promise in becoming a part in the solution to air pollution because they offer a way to clean the air post pollution, allowing society to take the time it needs to transition to a zero-carbon footprint and allowing industries that cannot achieve that goal an option to clean the pollution they make. Air pollution is a global issue with many ethical concerns involved in its possible solutions. Who will foot the bill? How to reduce pollution without impeding on standards of life? Air Pollution Air Pollution stats “In 2019, about 70 million tons of pollution were emitted into the atmosphere in the United States.” (Overview of the Clean Air Act and Air Pollution, 2020) “approximately 82 million people nationwide lived in counties with pollution levels above the primary NAAQS in 2019.” (Overview of the Clean Air Act and Air Pollution, 2020) What is Air Pollution? “Air pollution consists of gas and particle contaminants that are present in the atmosphere. Gaseous pollutants include sulfur dioxide (SO2), oxides of nitrogen (NOx), ozone (O3), carbon monoxide (CO), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), certain toxic air pollutants and some gaseous forms of metals. Particle pollution (PM2.5 and PM10) includes a mixture of compounds that can be grouped into five major categories: sulfate, nitrate, elemental (black) carbon, organic carbon and crustal material.” (Overview of the Clean Air Act and Air Pollution, 2020) Ethical Framework: Utilitarianism Audience: Government, corporations, and public citizens Sectional Outlines Possible solutions for correcting air pollution “Most carbon capture focuses on cleaning emissions at the source: scrubbers and filters on smokestacks that prevent harmful gases reaching the atmosphere. But this is impractical for small, numerous point sources like the planet’s billion or so automobiles. Nor can it address the CO2 that is already in the air.” (Swain, 2021) Preventative solutions Reducing pollution creating energy creation/usage driving strict policies to curb construction dust there should be more emphasis on adoption of EV buses that can reduce transport dust by a significant margin After pollution solutions Not all pollution can be stopped before it occurs. IE Airplanes Smog Tower/Air Ionization Reduces approximately 90% of airborne particulate Air particles removed become dust and are no longer air borne Leads to less pollution in water Direct Air Capture Large scale pollution removal Estimates of 1 million tons annually Closed reaction system, No waste materials CO2 pulled from air can be sold to Oil industry Used to pressurize underground drilling caverns Science/Technology behind the Smog Tower Air Ionization When enough energy is introduced, an electron jumps from one air molecule to another. (Jiang, Ma, & Ramachandran, 2018) Aufero air purifying system (ENS Clean Air, 2021) No filters Positively charged air and negatively charged plate Easy cleaning Particles/dust on plate can be collected by wiping them away or vacuumed into a collection container. Minimal energy consumption No filter reduces energy used Chemical Reaction Reaction in which two chemicals combine Direct Air Capture Chemical reaction of potash and carbon in air Lots of heat necessary Closed loop reaction Ethical Conclusions Social/Economic analysis The Smog Tower is beautiful but not effective in current size. Large use of land resources necessary to build effective solutions DAC uses significant heat/energy Attach to industry that produces high heat by product This subsection is closely related to subsection on possible solutions and the subsection explaining its effective use in countries with high smog. As we write our sections and define the different content, we will need to review how the information each of us decides to discuss relates and find the correct logical order. It is likely that we will decide to change the order of sections as we move forward. How can this technology be effective in countries such as China, India, and the United States? Every winter, Delhi- NCR is covered in a thick blanket of smog and the Environmental Pollution (Prevention and Control) Authority’ has to declare a public health emergency. After AQI levels escalated following the annual episode of stubble burning last year, the Supreme Court instructed the Delhi government and the Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) to erect smog towers. The Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay (IIT-B) got onboard, by submitting a proposal to the CPCB. By April, smog towers under testing mode were to be installed at Anand Vihar and Connaught Place. But due to the subsequent lockdowns, the deadline was flouted. On July 29, IIT-B backed out of the project, but came back onboard after the court threatened contempt action. An experimental tower over 100 meters (328 feet) high in northern China – dubbed the world’s biggest air purifier by its operators – has brought a noticeable improvement in air quality, according to the scientist leading the project, as authorities seek ways to tackle the nation’s chronic smog problem. The tower has been built in Xian in Shaanxi province and is undergoing testing by researchers at the Institute of Earth Environment at the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Impacts of the Smog Tower Construction PollutionSimply constructing the tower comes with the downsides that are involved in all construction, namely various forms of pollution. Construction Dust Diesel Noxious vapors Materials Waste Noise Water Financial burden LocationSince the smog towers are most effective where smog exists, that means they will be built in urban areas. But urban areas are generally already built up. That means there are downsides to choosing their locations. Eliminate parks Eliminate existing structures Economic racism Conclusion “Since 1990 there has been approximately a 50% decline emissions of key air pollutants.” (Overview of the Clean Air Act and Air Pollution, 2020) Declining National Air Pollutant Concentration Averages – Chart from EPA.gov What we are doing is working, but is it fast enough? Air pollution is a significant issue that requires drastic changes We need a variety of short- and long-term solutions Ethical conclusions Government and businesses will most likely need to fund these installations DAC – Costs to be mitigated by situating heat producing industries with onsite DAC facilities DAC – siting is important to efficiently store carbon underground after removal from air References (n.d.). Retrieved from Smog Free Tower: https://www.studioroosegaarde.net/project/smog-free-tower (2020, November 30). Retrieved from Overview of the Clean Air Act and Air Pollution: https://www.epa.gov/clean-air-act-overview (2021). Retrieved from ENS Clean Air: https://www.ens-cleanair.com/en/ Air pollution and its effects on the immune system. (2020, May 1). Free Radical Biology and Medicine, 151, 56-68. doi:j.freeradbiomed.2020.01.179 Babadjouni, R. M., Hodisa, D. M., Radwanskia, R., Durazo, R., Patel, A., Liu, Q., & Mack, W. J. (2017, September). Clinical effects of air pollution on the central nervous system; a review. JOurnal of CLinical Neuroscience, 43, 16-24. doi:j.jocn.2017.04.028 Cardiovascular effects of air pollution. (2017, November). Archives of Cardiovascular Diseases, 110(11), 634-642. doi:j.acvd.2017.05.003 Chandramouli, K., Pannirselvam, N., Kumar, D., Avuthu, S., & Anitha, V. (2019). A Study on Smog Filtering Tower. Journal of Advanced Cement & Concrete, 2. Hamanaka, R. B., & Mutlu, G. M. (2018). Particulate Matter Air Pollution: Effects on the Cardiovascular System. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 680. doi:10.3389/fendo.2018.00680 Jenniskens, D. G. (2017). Case study: Smog Free Tower (measurements in an urban environment). Cuijk: Environmental Nano Solutions. Retrieved from https://cdn.archilovers.com/projects/06505a46-61e1-4d28-a371-aa1ce924d3a4.pdf Jiang, S.-Y., Ma, A., & Ramachandran, S. (2018, September 28). Negative Air Ions and Their Effects on Human Health and Air Quality Improvement. International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 19(10), 2966. doi:10.3390/ijms19102966 Mackenzie, J. (2016, November 1). Air Pollution: Everything You Need to Know. Retrieved from Natural Resources Defense Council: https://www.nrdc.org/stories/air-pollution-everything-you-need-know#sec1 Mannucci, P. M., & Franchini, M. (2017, September 12). Health Effects of Ambient Air Pollution in Developing Countries. International Journal of ENvironmental Research and Public Health, 1048. Retrieved from https://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/14/9/1048 Swain, F. (2021, March 11). The device that reverses CO2 emissions. Retrieved 03 21, 2021, from www.BBC.com: https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20210310-the-trillion-dollar-plan-to-capture-co2 “World’s First Smog Filtering Tower Goes on Tour.” The Guardian, Guardian News and Media, 19 Sept. 2015, www.theguardian.com/sustainable-business/2015/sep/19/worlds-first-smog-filtering-tower-on-tour-daan-roosegaarde-air-pollution. Ians. 10 Oct. 2020, “Delhi to Get Rs 20 Crore Smog Tower in Connaught Place to Curb Pollution.” Business Standard, Business-Standard, www.business-standard.com/article/current-affairs/delhi-to-get-rs-20-crore-smog-tower-in-connaught-place-to-curb-pollution-
Hello I want you to make a Powerpoint presentation from the outline with proper format that i’m attaching in MSWord. PLEASE read the whole outline first, then do the “TASK TODO” PART thank you
POSSIBLE SOLUTIONS FOR CORRECTING AIR POLLUTION 9 The Possible Solutions for Correcting Air Pollution The Possible Solutions for Correcting Air Pollution My part of the draft, which is part IV, seeks to offer possible solutions for correcting air pollution. Principally, it explores the possibility of correcting air pollution using a Smog Tower. The paper will start by putting up a case on the utility of a smog tower among other solutions in correcting air pollution before delving into preventive and after pollution solutions and then culminate in direct air capture as a possible solution for correcting air pollution. Possibility of Correcting Air Pollution Using relative new innovative solutions, a significant opportunity exists in regards to correcting air pollution. As a matter of consensus, the world is experiencing a climate change problem that is directly linked to excess carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere (Swain, 2021). However, a correction of air pollution has not been overly feasible using the available tools due to the complexity of the air pollution phenomenon. The underlying problem is that “most carbon capture focuses on cleaning emissions at the source: scrubbers and filters on smokestacks that prevent harmful gases reaching the atmosphere. But this is impractical for small, numerous point sources like the planet’s billion or so automobiles. Nor can it address the CO2 that is already in the air,” (Swain 2021). It is against this background we argue for several possible air pollution solutions like the use of smog tower and direct air capture (DAC) as tools to deal with this global menace. For instance, with DAC as a solution, it is argued that you can remove virtually any emission, anytime, and anywhere, making it a powerful tool for correcting air pollution (Swain, 2021). On the other hand, a smog tower is air purifier that can clean air within a certain radius to facilitate a clean air delivery within its location (Anand, 2020). Despite its shortcomings, the smog tower is gaining currency over most air pollution correction solutions because its output seems to be significant for a possibility of correcting air pollution to exist. Preventive Solutions Several preventive solutions exist when it comes to correcting air pollution. Reducing pollution by way of creating energy creation and usage policies tops the list of these preventive solutions. Examples of some planned climate-change mitigation policies include more efficient use of fossil fuels for electricity generation and industrial processes, increasing fuel efficiency of automobiles, switching to renewable sources of energy such as solar and wind, increasing forest cover, and enhancing nuclear power and carbon sequestration (Sierra-Vargas & Teran, 2012). Other policies may include drafting relatively strict policies to curb construction dust and embracing accelerated adoption of electric vehicle (EV) buses that can reduce transport dust by a significant margin. The adoption of electric vehicles is a move in the right direction in preventing carbon emissions. For instance, the US Environmental Protection Agency has already confirmed that adopting mitigating strategies like making changes to diesel engine technology would result in fewer fatalities due to reduced particulate matter (PM) and ozone (O3) pollution, which remain a concern in the air pollution debate (Sierra-Vargas & Teran, 2012). Moreover, policies promoting some strategies, such as avoiding cooking with solid fuels, ventilating, as well as ventilating and isolating cooking areas can go a long way in preventing air pollution (Carlsten et al., 2020). Smog Tower/Air Ionization It is noteworthy to state from the onset that it is in the after pollution solutions where air pollution smog tower finds its greatest use. A typical smog tower is just a 20 feet high air purifier that can clean up the air with a radius of between 100 and 500 meters and has a clean air delivery rate of 20 to 30 million cubic meters of air per day (Anand, 2020). Smog towers are credited to the effective removal of particulate matter that comprises PM2.5 (Anand, 2020). Some critics argue that the smog tower does not remove smog, but the whole matter seems controversial (Anand, 2020). Smog is visible air pollution, which is a mixture of smoke and fog (Anand, 2020). For instance, India successfully implemented the use of smog towers in a 2019 pilot, but still, researchers claimed that it was impossible to vacuum the country’s air pollution using smog towers. It is claimed that air pollution is dynamic where the air is moving at speed without any static boundaries (Guttikunda & Jawahar, 2020). Second, they also claim that polluted air comprises a complex mixture of chemical compounds constantly forming and transforming into other compounds (Guttikunda & Jawahar, 2020). However, since not all air pollution can be prevented at the source, the significance of smog tower cannot be underestimated. Smog tower uses an air ionization mechanism to correct air pollution. The smog tower is a specially designed large-scale air purifier fitted with multiple layers of air filters which remove pollutants from the air as it passes through them to release clean air (Explained Desk, 2020). A smog tower reduces approximately 90 % of airborne matter. For instance, a smog tower at India’s Lajpat Nagar has a capacity of treating approximately 6,000,000 cubic meters of air daily and collects more than 75 % of particulate matter, that is, PM2.5 and PM10 (Explained Desk, 2020). The smog towers utilize carbon nanofibres as a major component and will be fitted along its peripheries which help to reduce the particulate load from polluted air (Explained Desk, 2020). In essence, the air particles removed become dust that is no longer airborne, something that also reduces the associated water pollution. The effectiveness of using smog towers to remove particulate matter in the air is unquestionable. In China, for example, a smog tower designed by revered Dutch artist Daan Roosegaarde has been able to compress the carbon waste generated during purification to produce gemstones (Explained Desk, 2020). Great potential for using smog towers to correct air pollution exists based on the success smog towers have had in both India and China and the same results can be replicated in the U.S. Smog towers even if they do not completely clean smog, can help the U.S to reduce bad air pollution even if it is by reducing particulate matter to have results like the ones recorded in China and India. For instance, the biggest world smog tower is located in China’s Xi city and it is reported to have decreased PM2.5 by 19 % in an area of close to 6 square kilometers within its vicinity (Explained Desk, 2020). The 100-meter tall tower has so far produced 10 million cubic meters of clean air every day since its installation in the city. On a heavily polluted day, the smog tower is capable of reducing smog to moderate levels (Explained Desk, 2020). Therefore, smog towers based on their outcomes can be used in the US as an alternative to large-scale direct air capture solutions. Direct Air Capture Direct air capture (DAC) is another after pollution correction solution that deals large- scale pollution removal to the tune of 1 million tons annually, and can serve as a substitute for smog towers. With direct air capture, it is possible to remove any kind of emission anywhere and anytime (Swain 2021). DAC is a powerful and appropriate tool in correcting air pollution because it is not possible to capture all carbon emission and excess CO2 at the source and that is where DAC comes in (Swain 2021). DAC technologies are costly and more efficient than smog towers in that they utilize a closed reaction system that does not produce waste materials. Besides, the CO2 removed from air aided by DAC has several uses. First, the CO2 can be sold to companies in the oil industry. For instance, Occidental Petroleum utilizes 50 million tons of CO2 annually in its efforts to undertake its enhanced oil recovery (Swain 2021). Consequently, the company has partnered with Carbon Engineering to install a DAC in Texas to enjoy tax credits of about $225 per ton of CO2 (Swain 2021). Secondly, CO2 obtained from DAC plants can be used to pressurize underground drilling caverns. Third, the CO2 can also be returned to underground oil fields and through sequestering fresh oil with fewer carbon emissions forms (Swain 2021). However, due to the high-cost outlay to build DAC plants, their effectiveness notwithstanding, smog towers are relatively cheaper hence their continued use as possible solution in the process of correcting air pollution is almost given. References Anand, M. (2020). Are Smog Towers An Effective Solution For Air Pollution? Retrieved 30 March 2021, from https://inc42.com/resources/are-smog-towers-an-effective-solution-for-air-pollution/ Carlsten, C., Salvi, S., Wong, G., & Chung, K. (2020). Personal strategies to minimise effects of air pollution on respiratory health: advice for providers, patients and the public. European Respiratory Journal, 55(6), 1902056. https://doi.org/10.1183/13993003.02056-2019 Explained Desk. (2020). Delhi gets its first smog tower: What is it and how does it work? The Indian Express. Retrieved 31 March 2021, from https://indianexpress.com/article/explained/delhi-gets-its-first-smog-tower-what-is-it-and-how-does-it-work-6200858/ Guttikunda, S., & Jawahar, P. (2020). Can We Vacuum Our Air Pollution Problem Using Smog Towers?. Atmosphere, 11(9), 922. https://doi.org/10.3390/atmos11090922 Sierra-Vargas, P., & Teran, M. (2012). Air pollution: impact and prevention. Respirology (Carlton, Vic.), 17(7), 1031–1038. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1440-1843.2012.02213.x Swain, F. (2021). The device that reverses CO2 emissions. Retrieved 30 March 2021, from https://www.bbc.com/future/article/20210310-the-trillion-dollar-plan-to-capture-co2
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