Compose a 1250 words assignment on islamic state: threats, essence, counteraction. Needs to be plagiarism free! Islamic State (also known as Islamic State of Iraq and Syria (ISIS) or the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)) is a “…radical Islamist group that has seized large swathes of territory in eastern Syria and across northern and western Iraq.” There are debates regarding what to consider the date of the group origin, but there is evidence that the origins of the Islamic State trace back to the year 2002 when Abu Musab al-Zarqawi created a terrorist group Tawhid wa al-Jihad. The year 2003 which is the most widely spread reference to the beginning of the group history is the time when al-Zarqawi became an ally of Osama Bin Laden. they created Al-Qaeda in Iraq, a military power of insurgency which became a response to the US-led allied Iraq invasion. In 2006, al-Zarqawi died, Islamic State in Iraq was created by the above mentioned Al-Qaeda in Iraq, and the newly-emerged group was losing its power under the American army attacks, which was erroneously taken as its being on its last legs. 4 The year 2010 became another milestone in the group’s history – Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi became a new leader of the Islamic State and took up significant reformation of the group which enlarged its capabilities both in a material and human perspective. Since then, the group carried out quite many attacks in Iraq and took part in Syria civil war against the Assad regime, and “In April 2013, Baghdadi announced the merger of his forces in Iraq and Syria and the creation of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant (Isis).” . Today, the group numbers such a big quantity of its active members which can be compared to an army of a relatively big country – it is reported that ISIS has an army of 200,000 soldiers, and this digit goes on growing constantly. The quality of their training is also estimated to be high enough: “The Islamic State (Isis) has recruited army hundreds of thousands strong, far larger than previous estimates by the CIA…” .