Community Engagement Project: Part 2 – Observation Reflection Assignment
Compose and maintain a Word document journal in which you are to complete a reflective journal entry after each of your observations (observations for both students (Spencer – 2nd grade and Henry – Kindergarten) are attached).
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For each journal entry or day of observation, you must have the following within your reflection report:
- Include a heading to provide separation and organization of each journal entry.
- Provide an introduction of at least 150 words.
- In at least 150 words, include a summary and reflection on individuals withexceptionalities and culturally responsive practices for meeting the needs(academic, social, emotional, behavioral) of diverse populations.
- Provide a conclusion of at least 150 words.
least one citation from a current scholarly journal article.
least one citation from the course textbook.
Your Reflective Journal document must written at or above a
Master’s level quality
and it must include title and references pages. Current APA formatting is expected. Using first-person language (i.e., I, me, etc.) is acceptable.
Kirk, S., Gallagher, J., Coleman, M., Hardman, M., Egan, M. W., Drew, C., Gargiulo, R., Metcalf, D., Boyle, J., Scanlon, D., & Landrum, J. (2020). Foundations of Exceptionality. Cengage.
Community Engagement Project: Part 2 – Observation Reflection Assignment Reflective Journal: Compose and maintain a Word document journal in which you are to complete a reflective journal entry after
Henry Kindergarten IEP states: Other Heath Diagnosis (OHD) – Truncus Arteriosus Type 1 with Mitral Atresia, Hypoplastic Left Ventricle, Primary Speech, and Vision Impairment Total Observation Hours: 5 Total Observation Days: 5 JOURNAL ENTRY 1 – DAY 1 (1 hour) 4/14/2023 Requires a one-on-one paraprofessional every day. Very energetic child who is always moving He does engage in classroom activities with some assistance to complete While sitting with the group on the rug in the front of the classroom He follows directions and can follow along with the teacher on the smart board well but has a very hard time staying on task because he has difficulties staying still because of his hyperactivity levels When I arrived the class was doing stations and finishing up the morning assignments prior to clean-up and transitioning to the gym. He has braces on his legs due to his medical conditions. Although he has braces, he still competes in the gym games and or activities to the best of his ability. I noticed that Henry struggles with simple tasks like learning how to play spike ball with a kickball and a hula-hoop. It seems that activities that deal with repeated motions and or actions mentally drain him through deep and long thought processing Henry seems to learn better from hands-on activities and hand over hand assistance rather than learning from visual aids. He gets distracted very easily and or lacks the overall interest of any activity if the length of time that it takes to complete is too long. JOURNAL ENTRY 2 – DAY 2 (1 hour and 15 minutes) 4/17/2023 As I arrived, the class was sitting on the rug in the front of the room. the students were briefed on the assignment. He was required to practice writing by copying the words that were pulled out of an envelope. When Henry went to pick out a white board to complete the assignment, he had to search through all of the white boards to find the cleanest one. By this time the paraprofessional had to step in and make a decision for him, which got him frustrated and off topic. Although he struggles with choices, he does have a great sense of understanding of the time required for activities and notifies staff when the appropriate time for him to choose what he wants to do rather than it being picked for him each time. When he is on task, he can focus is really well and completes the task at hand Although he has a great recognition of time management, he sometimes forgets to notify staff that he needs a bathroom break. Thus, he has an accident from time to time. He has a great memory that allows him to recall past events and the positive or fun details about the past weekend or future plans for the upcoming weekend. He does great at transitioning from one activity to the next. He walked to music class. He walks in the hall with a great amount of energy. While in music class, he was instructed to complete an action of 2 fingers on hand making a walking motion, he had a very difficult time completing the action. He seems to have issues with fine motor skills. When Henry was asked to stand still to sing part of a song for a choir concert, he could only stand for a few minutes until he had to move due to his balance and his medical conditions with his legs He was able to dance motions but was not able to turn around when needed, he almost fell over. He was able to remember all of the words to all the songs that were required for the concert. If there are a lot of gross motor skills combined, does well for a little bit but gets tired quick and than shows difficulties in stamina During the music class they were required to use boom whackers which is a noise maker to play along with a song, Henry had a very hard time even staying up with the pace of the music and timing of when he needed to hit his boom whacker to make the required noise in the song. Henry also got frustrated with the song and than just gave up and continued to just beat the boom whacker on the floor instead of hitting it to the appropriate time in the song. When he loses interest and or focus on a task, he tends to talk and distract other students around him due to his high levels of energy. JOURNAL ENTRY 3 – DAY 3 (45 minutes) 4/18/2023 Today Henry had gym class. He was able to partake in the gym activity that required to do sit ups with a partner. Due to his condition, the paraprofessional was there to assist him as he has the braces on his legs. He was able to the sit ups but had to spread his knees a little further than the other kids due to his physical condition and limitations The next task of gym class was to do the Pacer Running Test – this is a test where students have to run from one side of the gym to another pacing themselves to get the highest and fastest number of times they run across the gym before the buzzer goes off. He was not able to go past the first few buzzers due to his condition with his legs. He did his best but the fact that he was eliminated right away was devastating to him and he had to be reminded that all he needed to do was his best. After the pacer test, he was tired but he still was actively engaged in a game of dodgeball which was good at throwing the balls but not real good at catching them or running to dodge them. While out, he was able to get back in the game by following directions that were stated at the beginning of the game which was for students to do wall push ups in order to regain entry into the game. JOURNAL ENTRY 4 – DAY 4 (1 hour) 4/19/2023 When I arrived, Henry was actively engaged in watching a video on the smart board from their pen pals at a different school. He was still filled with enthusiasm and energy but he did focus on the screen and video. After they made the transition in order to go to the next class of Art, he was able to assist his other classmates by putting items away in the room. He did this to the best of his ability where he was not fully able to lift the heavy objects, merely just the lighter items. When they arrived at art class, the teacher handed the students a piece of plastic that had a different texture than the others in the room. Henry was able to completely define the texture of his plastic piece and answer the questions that the teacher was asking him. The question of “how does your plastic feel?” He responded that it feels scratchy. The teacher then assigned the students to a station where they were to complete several small art projects surrounding texture. Henry needed assistance at all stations but it was just minor reminders and a slight hold of the tiles from an extra hand from the paraprofessional. The stations were that of: Station #1 Building / Construction out of small plastic blocks in attempts to make a tower Henry did great at this station, there was nothing that he needed assistance on. Station #2 Texture tiles were placed out so that students could color over them with crayons to transfer the texture to the papers He was able to complete this portion of the stations with little to no help from the paraprofessional other than having them hold the tile so it wouldn’t move while transferring the image. Station #3 Using magnets to reconstruct a picture. Henry had to use a lot of a black magnets on white boards that would copy a printed picture He was able to attempt to copy the picture but couldn’t grasp the idea that some shapes were not the same and it was beginning to frustrate him the longer he stayed at the station. HENRY WAS ABSENT ON 4/20/2023 FOR A MEDICAL APPOINTMENT – NO INFO COLECTED ON THIS DATE JOURNAL ENTRY 5 – DAY 5 (1 hour) 4/21/2023 When I arrived, henry was working on writing, spelling, and sentence composition. While he was sitting at a table writing, he communicated with the paraprofessional about what the sentence was based on. Henry was able to create a sentence based on a picture that he drew. He stated that it was a flag waving in the wind. When he lacked the understanding or know how to spell a word, the paraprofessional would make sound of the letter and he was able to write that letter. This was done over and over until the word was spelled completely. Once the word was spelled out, he knew the word and the sentence. Therefore, allowing Henry to complete the assignment in the appropriate time frame. He was slow to transition to the next activity which was going back to his music class to practice the songs they were to sing at their concert. Just like that of last time, he was able to remember the words to all the songs. The teacher changed part of the routine that the kids were to be doing while on stage due to the lack of room. Henry was unsure of what the teacher was asking the class to do, instead of disrupting the teacher, he quietly leaned over and asked the paraprofessional his question. With the aid of the paraprofessional going back over and restating the directions in a different way, Henry was able to fully comprehend what to do. Due to the medical condition of his legs, Henry did display great amounts of struggles while trying to march in place during one of the songs. When another song required Henry to clap along with the music, he was able to follow and know when to clap, but his actions were delayed slightly but he did remain on track with the music overall. At the end of the music class, the entire class as a large group activity required all the students to walk slow and fast, crawl, and skip all around the room. Henry was able to successfully walk and skip somewhat around the room, but crawling was very difficult due to the braces on his legs. Just as in his gym class, Henry showed signs of struggles when he was asked to complete two or more actions at a single time. The same was true for the use of the boom ackers on the last song. Today he was heard saying out loud that “I can’t hit it in time!” and “I keep missing it!” Although this frustrated Henry, he was aided by the teacher and the paraprofessional with words of encouragement. He did do slightly better on the second run of the sign than the original attempt.
Community Engagement Project: Part 2 – Observation Reflection Assignment Reflective Journal: Compose and maintain a Word document journal in which you are to complete a reflective journal entry after
Spencer 2nd Grade ASD, ADHD, and Primary Speech Impediment Total Observation Hours: 5 Total Observation Days: 4 JOURNAL ENTRY 1 – DAY 1 (45 minutes) 4/11/2023 Requires a one-on-one paraprofessional every day. He uses a daily tracking sheet to monitor his behavior throughout the day, at specific times and activities. Has an extremely tough time with transitions all throughout the day While in class he focuses very well to the teacher when the Smartboard is in use otherwise he gets very distracted He has a great attraction and desire to use his Chromebook all day. He sits in the front of the room at the front desk where the paraprofessional sits directly next to him during class time. He gets very distracted and sidetracked easily and when this happens, he talks very loud to himself and or others near or around him such as small items in, on, or near his desk. He is quick to point out the fact that there are slight changes in the room such as a word or picture was accidentally or purposefully removed from the whiteboard just near the smart board in the classroom. He verbally must confirm any positive or negative behaviors or actions when holding a conversation with other students, the teacher, or the paraprofessional that is collaborating with him. His work is split into separated single sheets in which he is to re-write, trace, or write the corresponding word that matches a picture. While in class and classwork is assigned to the students to do, he has a specific binder located in a small cabinet in the front of the room near the teachers desk that his altered and adopted schoolwork in it for him to do. While working in the classroom, he struggles to stay on topic due to some difficulties like that of reading or word comprehension and to consistently and carefully trace over and re-write different words to practice sentence construction. As a result, he repeatedly states that he does not want the paraprofessional to help him, and when she does, he gets increasingly upset until the assignment is completed. When he completes the minor task at hand, he is either removed from the classroom for a sensory break or can play his chrome for a set time. He struggles with going with the flow during class and adjusting to any change in a day. Therefore, in order to keep him regulated and on task and topic, there is a printed reminder that is adhered to the top of his desk that shows the class bathroom times, warnings until he loses his Chromebook time for the day, and a small penny moving chart that displays what quality of behavior he is at in terms of reminders. While completing his schoolwork, he was debating about his Chromebook needing to be charged. The paraprofessional reminded him that there was no need for his computer at that time and that they would look at it together after his assignment was completed in his binder prior to completing the work on his Chromebook. Due to several reminders to get back on task, the penny on the chart ( a chart that is used to keep spencer on task to complete small tasks at hand) was moved from the green square at the top to the black middle line (if he continued the same behaviors, then the penny would move to the red section below the line. If his mentality and behavior did not change, he would then be removed from the class and brought to his case manager to discuss his actions) – this did not happen. He was completing his work in his binder; he then began on the online work that needed to be done. While doing the assignment, the computer battery was becoming low but had enough battery power left to complete the assignment. He then debated and wanted his charger. He got his charger – even though the paraprofessional said not to Moved to an outlet and was attempting to plug it in – even when the paraprofessional said that she would do it and not spencer because he was not following the classroom instructions of when charging Chromebooks, student must use the power strip rather into the outlet directly (spencer was trying to plug his charger directly into the outlet) While trying to complete his work – He continued to argue about using the charger Due to his arguing and debate about the charger and his struggles of transitioning, it took spencer and the paraprofessional over 10 minutes to get him on task for guided reading on his Chromebook. While completing the assignment of guided reading, he became deregulated and was becoming loud due to the story or other classmates around him. This caused him to be a distraction to other students where he needed several more reminders to remain on task – moving his penny chart from the green section to the black section once again. When doing any action or tasks that are not required / wanted / or any amount of directions are presented, he begins to argue and be upset because he has been warned that there will be another transition that requires him to put away his Chromebook and he still wants to use it even though the teacher and paraprofessional instructed him to put it away. When instructed to put away his Chromebook, he also stated that he was not done with the assignment and needed to finish – even though the teacher said it was deemed fine if the students did not finish in the allotted time. He has no comprehension of future results of not completing the assignments or tasks, causing him to be constantly stuck on previous tasks (some from the early morning / start of his day). When using non-verbal instructions, Spencer takes his time to understand and engage in the non-verbal actions that the teacher is asking the class to partake in. For example, the teacher asked the class to clap two times in a row when he displayed each student’s artwork at individual times. Spencer was able to do this after a couple of missed trials. He was not able to comprehend the exact time in which he needed to clap until the paraprofessional would assist him by telling him to “get ready to clap, one and two.” At this point, Spencer was able clap in unison with the other students. Spencer was consistently moving in his designated spot on the rug that is in the front of the room near the teacher’s desk and smart board causing a small distraction to those students around him. JOURNAL ENTRY 2 – DAY 2 (1 hour and 15 minutes) 4/12/2023 When I arrived, Spencer was doing his word and spelling work in his own specific binder. He was having difficulty focusing on the task at hand. With a few reminders, the paraprofessional moved the penny on his penny chart from the green zone to the Black zone. Spencer quickly recognized this, and he was able to regain his attention back to the task at hand. It was also moving since he was arguing and debating on which classwork he wanted to do, which was not the assignment that the paraprofessional asked him to complete to receive an award of playing games on his computer. After a quick discussion about what was going to happen, he was able to regain his composure and start the assignment. He did the assignment well without any issues or frustrations. When he got stuck or tripped up on something, he was able to politely ask for help from the paraprofessional. Once again, Spencer got sidetracked and distracted by a rock in his shoe. He demanded that he remove it from his shoe, or he was not going to finish his assignment. After he removed the small rock from his shoe, he was able to fully complete the assignment. After he completed the assignment, he was able to move to a different location in the room where he was able to play educational games on his computer with his headphones just as displayed on the white board. Although he was playing games on his computer and wearing headphones, he still showed vast amounts of movement and loud vocal outbursts stemmed from a digital book that was read to aloud. Spencer was able to transition to the next class activity easily with a 5-minute and 3-minute notification that the transition was going to be happening soon. The class then moved on to small to medium social group interaction activities. Spencer was getting frustrated about the next task before it even occurred. It was an activity where he and another student were going to be playing educational hands-on math and literacy games. He did not want to do the activity because he thought that no one would agree with the game he wanted to play and that it happened every time the class did this activity. He was paired up with another student who wanted to play the same game as him and he did well interact with the other students and played the game. He did get very upset when the other student won the game. As a result, Spencer politely asked if he could take a break by walking up and down the hallways for a brief period. Spencer was once again warned about the transition in which he was able to be the example student to display what should be done prior to leaving the classroom. He completed this task very well. He was given a great score on his point chart for that portion of the day. This caused him to get excited. Although he was excited, he still was able to sit quietly for a brief time and listen to the teacher explain what the next thing the class would be doing on the smartboard when they returned from art class. The smart board had the following descriptions of course of action such as: Need: Math Book Do: Pages # 4 – 5 Put: Math Book Away in Desk Then: Read Quietly JOURNAL ENTRY 3 – DAY 3 (1 hour) 4/13/2023 When I arrived, the class was in the hallway ready to come back to the classroom from using the bathroom. As I was sitting in the classroom by myself, the paraprofessional arrived. Spencer was not in the room nor was he with the class, he left without permission or letting any staff know. He simply slipped out of the room undetected. He was talked to by the teacher and his case manger about his actions and got into minor trouble for the choices he made. When the class got back to the room, it was time for guided reading / spelling. Spencer was given an expectation that were written on the outside of the binder and got to work without any issues. While doing the work, he became frustrated with a section and the paraprofessional pointed to a piece of paper that was stuck to the top of his desk that had written reminders on it which Spencer was able to read and follow to change his course of action towards the more difficult portion of the spelling assignment. The piece of paper had the following on it: Fix It: Right Now School Brain On Use We Are thinking. I Can Be a Quiet Worker I Want to Act So That Other People Want to Be with Me I Will Listen to Adults He did well after reading that which allowed him to finish his assignment. Spencer also does well with “I Statements.” When Spencer can retain his focus on the task at hand, he can finish in a very timely manner. His work is completed, but it is on the more sloppy or disorganized side of his capabilities. I noticed that he can be very independent when he wants to be. He was given a choice to make between reading books or having to complete a color by math worksheet. He decided to read books. He completely walked over to the bookshelf and picked out a book on his own. He then found a nice spot on the floor to read the book he picked out. He remained quiet with some minor outbursts (which were still in a soft town of voice). By doing the tasks and work that was asked of him, Spencer earned stamps on his point sheet that allowed him to earn a reward like watching the flag wave in the wind or more computer time at the end of day. While reading, Spencer had a question he wanted to ask. He simply started to talk louder then the specified noise level requested by the teacher and with some simple commands like “zero level voice,” he then stopped talking and walked over to the paraprofessional and asked the question to her rather than yelling it across the room. At this point he was then warned about the transition that was in 5 minutes, which was the time in which they were going to clean up and head to gym. JOURNAL ENTRY 4 – DAY 4 (2 hours) 4/14/2023 Came into the classroom and was given time to adjust to another classroom environment from the other room that he just came from. When given directions, he took a long time to process the directions. As a result, he had a difficult time deciding what game to play. The final decision was made by the paraprofessional as 5 minutes had gone by. Once the game was picked, he was able to explain the game to a partner. He was able to comprehend the card game that encompassed creating numbers with two cards to have the bigger number to win the game of war. When he would win a section of the game, he became more excited, but he was calm and stayed focused. The game was played if player one would draw two cards (a 9 and a 4) the player would then try to make the biggest number out of the two cards (94) and try to beat player two who had two cards (a 10 and a 2) as well. Player 2 would then have a bigger number of (102) and would win that round of war. After the math game time with a partner was completed, due to Spencer’s good behavior and sportsmanship, he was able to play an online math game on his computer as a reward. He did ask politely for help when he needed to complete a hard question in his online math game. Playing on his computer is something that Spencer likes to do but can be frustrating and difficult at times because his disability causes his hands to shake. This makes typing and clicking the mouse hard at times. Spencer was given another warning that a transition was near. A few minutes later, the teacher rang a bell, and it was time to clean up. Spencer had some trouble putting his computer away and needed a reminder, but he did everything correctly and headed to a sensory break in a different classroom. At this time, a different paraprofessional switched places with the paraprofessional who assisted Spencer all morning. Spencer walked to the DAPE room to have a motion based sensory break. He worked through and completed four different stations: Station 1: Knees to chest and hold for 20 seconds (fetal position) Station 2: Roll on a peanut shaped yoga ball on his stomach forward and backward (10 times) Station 3: Mini Trampoline Jumps (30 Jumps) Station 4: Sit on scooter laps (4 laps) He did all the stations very well until the end when it was time to put the scooter back where he had originally taken it from. When Spencer was asked to put the scooter away in the same parking spot (that was empty) he stated that there was no room even though he could clearly see the open spot. When the paraprofessional asked Spencer to put the scooter back where he got it from, he made a U-turn and placed the scooter in the correct position where the paraprofessional had asked him to place it. He completed all the tasks as directed but he is fully aware of the time and place. For example, Spencer would look at the clock and ask another question unrelated to the task at hand and at the end if the question were answered or not, he would state how many minutes were left before he had to go back to class after his motion sensory break. After his motion sensory break was over, he headed back to his classroom and the class was having a snack. They were watching a short video during snack time. Instead of sitting at his desk to watch the video, he had to find out why there were no instructions of what was to come during the rest of the day on the board under the “Need, Do, Put, and Then” section. After snack time was completed, the teacher asked Spencer if he would like to go use the restroom by walking with the paraprofessional or by walking with the entire class. Spencer decided that he would want to try to walk with the entire class. After using the restroom, he became very loud as he felt the foaming hand soap hit his hands. This led to a conversation with the teacher about hallway etiquette and how his actions impacted those around him, including other teachers. As a result of the noise level, he had and the number of reminders, Spencer lost his chance to have free choice computer time at the end of the day. This led him to become extremely deregulated as the paraprofessional went over the expectations of the writing assignment. He only needed one reminder to be quite while working on his spelling assignment. During his writing assignment, he got tripped up on a sentence about jumping and hopping just like he did on his motion sensory break. By the time that the paraprofessional could regain part of his attention, he was stuck on loudly expressing the saying “3 hops this time”, “100 hops this time”, “50 hops this time”, and “10 hops this time.” With every outburst, he became louder and louder. By drawing so much attention to himself and causing a disruption in the classroom, the teacher stepped in and made him aware of the multiple reminders that he ignored and did not listen to. After the conversation with the teacher, he completed his spelling and writing assignments and was told to go read a book quietly so he cannot be disrespectful to other students as a disruption. He walked over and got a book to read and sat quietly on the floor and read the book. He was able to calm his body and mind allowing him to become regulated and ready to rejoin the rest of the class and not be a distraction because of his voice. Spencer was then warned about another transition before it occurred. The paraprofessional asked him if he would like to go for a walking break to maintain his calmness. He hesitated to go at first but with some persuasion from the teacher, Spencer was finally able to go for a walking break and watch the flag waving in the wind.