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Question 1 1.25 pts The Red Scare refers to which of the following?  ​ Group of answer choices ​an influenza epidemic  ​fear of communist infiltration ​an economic recession ​submarine warfare    Flag question: Question 2 Question 2 1.25 pts The Fourteen Points included all of the following except ​ Group of answer choices ​total disarmament. ​a league of nations to keep the peace. ​national self-determination. ​freedom of the seas.   Flag question: Question 3 Question 3 1.25 pts The Senate was most concerned about the aspect of the Treaty of Versailles that ​ Group of answer choices ​Would not ban submarine warfare ​Would not require Germany and Italy to assume the war costs of victorious nations ​Would establish a League of Nations ​Would not require Germany to admit blame for the war   Flag question: Question 4 Question 4 1.25 pts The U.S. had a long-term policy of isolationism in foreign wars. ​ Group of answer choices True False   Flag question: Question 5 Question 5 1.25 pts In the 1921-1922 Washington Naval Conference, a commitment to respect one another’s territorial possessions was agreed to by all of the following countries except:  ​ Group of answer choices ​the Soviet Union ​France ​Great Britain ​the United States ​Japan   Flag question: Question 6 Question 6 1.25 pts What was the Harlem Renaissance?  ​ Group of answer choices ​an African American artistic movement ​the migration of African Americans from the South to the North ​a political movement calling for desegregation and equal rights ​an urban renewal project   Flag question: Question 7 Question 7 1.25 pts What was the new name given to the movement to reaffirm the literal truth of the Bible? ​ Group of answer choices ​Creationism ​Humanism ​Socialism ​Fundamentalism ​Literalism   Flag question: Question 8 Question 8 1.25 pts Which action did President Hoover take to remedy the depression following the 1929 stock market crash? ​ Group of answer choices ​He initiated a massive public works program. ​He discouraged the Federal Reserve System from allowing businesses to borrow. ​He set up presidential committees to coordinate volunteer relief efforts.  ​He proposed legislation to have the government underwrite failed banks.   Flag question: Question 9 Question 9 1.25 pts The programs President Roosevelt launched in his first hundred days in office became known by what name? ​ Group of answer choices ​the New Deal ​the Fair Deal ​the Square Deal ​the Good Deal   Flag question: Question 10 Question 10 1.25 pts What New Deal program, aimed at creating “jobs, jobs, jobs,” employed 25 percent of the nation’s work force at its height? ​ Group of answer choices ​Public Works Administration ​Civilian Conservation Corps ​Works Progress Administration ​Federal Emergency Relief Administration   Flag question: Question 11 Question 11 1.25 pts African Americans began to shift from support of the Republican Party toward the Democratic Party for all of the following reasons except ​ Group of answer choices ​African Americans benefited from New Deal jobs and assistance. ​Roosevelt hired a prominent African American to advise the White House on minority issues. ​The Democratic Congress pushed through the first major civil rights bill since Reconstruction. ​African Americans admired Eleanor Roosevelt, who demonstrated support for African Americans and minority rights.   Flag question: Question 12 Question 12 1.25 pts Immediately after his inauguration, Franklin D. Roosevelt called Congress into a special session to nationalize the banks. ​ Group of answer choices True False   Flag question: Question 13 Question 13 1.25 pts Upon taking office President Roosevelt declared a national bank holiday to allow the federal government to inspect the banks and only allowed those considered solvent to reopen. ​ Group of answer choices True False   Flag question: Question 14 Question 14 1.25 pts Franklin Roosevelt initiated a series of conversations with the American public that became known as “fireside chats.”  ​ Group of answer choices True False   Flag question: Question 15 Question 15 1.25 pts Germany’s lightening strike invasion of Poland was called the  ​ Group of answer choices ​Anschluss ​Luftwaffe ​Blitzkrieg ​Kristallnacht   Flag question: Question 16 Question 16 1.25 pts What was the Atlantic Charter?  ​ Group of answer choices ​the program by which the United States pledged financial support for the Allies fighting in the war ​the predecessor to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, an intergovernmental military alliance ​an accord in which Britain, Russia, and the United States agreed to a united strategy in the Pacific theater ​a statement in which FDR and Churchill called for freedom of the seas and self-determination for all people   Flag question: Question 17 Question 17 1.25 pts Who or what was Rosie the Riveter? ​ Group of answer choices ​the first woman to become the head of a Fortune 500 company ​the nickname of a highly effective tank ​a symbolic image of the female war worker ​a woman who earned fame for her heroics    Flag question: Question 18 Question 18 1.25 pts What was the Manhattan Project? ​ Group of answer choices ​a top-secret program aimed at creating an atomic bomb ​a program in which the government assumed ownership of automobile factories to make planes and tanks ​a program aimed at developing new technologies to counter the threat of German submarines ​a program to ensure the profitability of private corporations with government contracts   Flag question: Question 19 Question 19 1.25 pts ​What was unique about Levittown, New York, when it was built in the 1950s? Group of answer choices ​It was a planned community of prefabricated houses. ​It attracted unprecedented numbers of African Americans from the city. ​It was built by federal government contractors. ​Only veterans of World War II were allowed as first-time owners.   Flag question: Question 20 Question 20 1.25 pts What was Winston Churchill referring to when he spoke of the iron curtain?​ Group of answer choices ​the barrier that had to be established to contain communism within its existing boundaries ​the division between Soviet-dominated eastern Europe and the rest of the continent ​the rift within the Truman government regarding policy toward the Soviet Union and Communism ​changes in Britain’s Parliament that had removed him from his position as prime minister   Flag question: Question 21 Question 21 1.25 pts ​The Truman Doctrine was developed as a response to problems in Group of answer choices ​Southeast Asia. ​Greece and Turkey. ​Spain and Portugal. ​North Africa.   Flag question: Question 22 Question 22 1.25 pts ​Which of the following strategies was influential in ending the Soviet Union’s blockade of East Berlin? Group of answer choices ​the intervention of U.N. peacekeeping forces ​secret negotiations between the foreign ministers of the United States and the Soviet Union ​the steady supply of food, fuel, and medical supplies delivered by airlift ​sympathy strikes among people within the Soviet Union and Eastern Europe ​U.S. military intervention and the threat of nuclear intervention   Flag question: Question 23 Question 23 1.25 pts ​What did John Foster Dulles call the buildup of atomic warheads and the implied threat of using them? Group of answer choices ​covert action ​domino theory ​brinksmanship ​containment   Flag question: Question 24 Question 24 1.25 pts ​In 1954, Vietnam was temporarily divided at the Group of answer choices ​thirty-eighth parallel. ​fifty-fourth parallel. ​seventeenth parallel. ​twelfth parallel.   Flag question: Question 25 Question 25 1.25 pts What was the basic premise of the domino theory?​ Group of answer choices ​Working together with the Soviet Union and other communist countries on peaceful endeavors was the best way to avoid war. ​If one state in a region fell to communism, the surrounding countries would fall as well. ​The spread of communism would eventually result in mutually assured destruction. ​The free world had to line up its military, economic, and political power with that of the Soviet Union.   Flag question: Question 26 Question 26 1.25 pts What was Sputnik?​ Group of answer choices ​a nuclear missile ​a nuclear submarine ​a Russian spy plane ​a Russian satellite   Flag question: Question 27 Question 27 1.25 pts ​Who delivered a 1950 speech about “communist subversion” and went on to make accusations against suspected communists within and beyond the ranks of the government? Group of answer choices ​Harry Truman ​J. Edgar Hoover ​Joseph McCarthy ​Dwight Eisenhower ​Douglas MacArthur   Flag question: Question 28 Question 28 1.25 pts ​Who precipitated the Montgomery Bus Boycott by refusing to give up a seat to a white man? Group of answer choices ​Rosa Parks ​Thurgood Marshall ​Martin Luther King, Jr. ​Coretta Scott King   Flag question: Question 29 Question 29 1.25 pts ​Martin Luther King, Jr., embraced a philosophy based on Group of answer choices ​militant opposition to injustice ​challenges in legal courts  ​passive acceptance of differences ​nonviolent resistance   Flag question: Question 30 Question 30 1.25 pts ​Who were the Little Rock Nine? Group of answer choices ​a group of black students who brought a successful lawsuit against the city of Little Rock for discrimination ​the first black students to attend the previously all-white Central High School ​the jurors who decided a famous case involving the alleged rape of white students by young black men ​the first integrated high school baseball team in the Deep South   Flag question: Question 31 Question 31 1.25 pts ​Which best describes U.S. involvement in Vietnam during the Kennedy administration? Group of answer choices ​The United States began to pull military advisors out of Vietnam, leading North Vietnam to attack the now weakened government. ​The United States sent an increasing number of American military advisors to support the South Vietnamese regime. ​The United States used covert operations to overthrow the communist government and replace it with Ngo Dingh Diem. ​The United States arranged for U.N. peacekeeping troops to enter Vietnam but avoided sending U.S. military personnel.   Flag question: Question 32 Question 32 1.25 pts ​The Gulf of Tonkin Resolution gave President Johnson the authority to Group of answer choices ​bomb military targets in Cambodia. ​negotiate with North Vietnam. ​escalate the Vietnam War. ​send military advisors to Vietnam. ​sink Vietnamese ships in the Gulf of Tonkin.   Flag question: Question 33 Question 33 1.25 pts ​The focus of the Vietnamization plan introduced by President Nixon in 1969 was​ Group of answer choices the use of napalm to denude the forests of North Vietnam. a publicity campaign to explain American involvement in Vietnam. ​a surge of U.S. troops in Vietnam preceding the final withdrawal. ​the gradual replacement of U.S. troops by South Vietnamese soldiers.   Flag question: Question 34 Question 34 1.25 pts ​In February 1972, President Nixon made a historic trip to what country? Group of answer choices India​ ​North Vietnam ​China ​Japan   Flag question: Question 35 Question 35 1.25 pts ​Thurgood Marshall became the first African American to serve as Group of answer choices ​attorney general. ​poet laureate. ​Supreme Court justice. ​secretary of state.   Flag question: Question 36 Question 36 1.25 pts ​Where did the violence-riddled Democratic National Convention of 1968 take place? Group of answer choices ​Miami New York City​ ​Los Angeles ​Detroit ​Chicago   Flag question: Question 37 Question 37 1.25 pts ​What happened at My Lai that aroused the ire of the U.S. public? Group of answer choices ​U.S. prisoners of war were executed by the Vietcong. ​U.S. troops massacred a rogue band of Vietcong. ​U.S. troops killed hundreds of Vietnamese civilians. ​U.S. air strikes destroyed factories and power plants.   Flag question: Question 38 Question 38 1.25 pts ​The Watergate scandal involved a break-in at the offices of the Group of answer choices ​Republican National Headquarters. ​Washington Post. ​Democratic National Headquarters. ​White House.   Flag question: Question 39 Question 39 1.25 pts ​The economic turnaround and booming economy of the mid to late 1980s inspired all of the following except Group of answer choices ​Insider trading on Wall Street ​Renewed emphasis on saving ​Corporate mergers ​Widening gap between rich and poor   Flag question: Question 40 Question 40 1.25 pts ​The Reagan Doctrine stated that the U.S. would Group of answer choices ​declare war on the Soviet Union if it expanded into the western hemisphere aid anticommunist efforts to thwart Soviet-sponsored governments​ ​end all previous arms control treaties with the Soviet Union if that nation should attempt to extend its reach into Central or South America ​develop a missile system that could demobilize Soviet missiles in the atmosphere before they reached the U.S.   Flag question: Question 41 Question 41 1.25 pts ​Which of these is not a true statement about Jimmy Carter’s presidency? Group of answer choices ​He emphasized moral leadership and his Christian Baptist background ​He directed policies that led to overwhelming economic improvement in all sectors ​He turned off voters with his approach to the energy crisis ​He pardoned Vietnam draft evaders.   Flag question: Question 42 Question 42 1.25 pts The “Contract with America” proposed by the Republican Party in 1994 is most closely associated with which of the following politicians?​ Group of answer choices ​Newt Gingrich ​Sarah Palin ​Dan Quayle ​John McCain   Flag question: Question 43 Question 43 1.25 pts The Internet went from being in less than 10 percent to more than half of American homes during which years?​ Group of answer choices ​2008–2013 ​1990–1995 ​1996–2001 ​2002–2007   Flag question: Question 44 Question 44 1.25 pts A federal government budget surplus was realized under which president?​ Group of answer choices ​George W. Bush ​George H. W. Bush ​Bill Clinton ​Barack Obama   Flag question: Question 45 Question 45 1.25 pts What is represented by the pinkish red shaded areas on this map? Group of answer choices The third world countries the extent of Nazi contol by 1959 the Warsaw Pact countries and its allies NATO and its allies   Flag question: Question 46 Question 46 1.25 pts Operation Desert Storm was a series of strikes carried out against what country?​ Group of answer choices ​Iran ​Afghanistan ​Iraq ​Kuwait   Flag question: Question 47 Question 47 1.25 pts ​Results of the close presidential election of 2000 were called into question due to irregularities in what state? Group of answer choices ​Texas ​Florida ​Tennessee ​California   Flag question: Question 48 Question 48 1.25 pts Which statement regarding U.S. troops in Iraq between 2003 and 2008 is true?​ Group of answer choices Saddam Hussein surrendered after the Shock and Awe campaign. the democratically elected government in Iraq became a model to others in the region. ​Public support for U.S. involvement in Iraq soared after weapons of mass destruction were found. The Bush administration had anticipated a quick victory in Iraq and had not adequately planned to remain there as an occupying force.   Flag question: Question 49 Question 49 1.25 pts In 2003, President George W. Bush sent troops to Iraq in response to reports that Saddam Hussein​ Group of answer choices ​was preparing to attack Israel. ​dhad orchestrated the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center. ​was hiding a cache of weapons of mass destruction. ​had made terrorist threats toward the U.S. government.   Flag question: Question 50 Question 50 1.25 pts Which of the following statements about Brown v. Board of Education is correct? Group of answer choices President Dwight Eisenhower praised and gave his full support to enforcing this Supreme Court decision The Supreme Court rejected the separate-but-equal doctrine and ruled that racial segregation in public schools violated the U.S. Constitution The Supreme Court ruled that public schools segregated by race were acceptable if the facilities made available to each race were equal The Supreme Court gave the Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, and other school boards operating segregated schools one year to integrate them   Flag question: Question 51 Question 51 1.25 pts The “separate but equal” doctrine from Plessy v. Ferguson (USSC, 1896) meant that Group of answer choices southern schools were segregated, but they had similar buildings, equivalent equipment, and equally qualified and equally paid teachers although the executive and legislative branches had separate powers and responsibilities, the two branches were constitutionally equal in importance as long as the facilities were equivalent, they could remain segregated the northern and southern approaches to race relations were completely different, but as far as blacks were concerned they amounted to the same thing   Flag question: Question 52 Question 52 1.25 pts The founders of the National Organization of Women (NOW) contended that: Group of answer choices the Civil Rights Act of 1964 gave women equal opportunities women were not being treated as equal members of society women generally approved of traditional marriage relationships consciousness-raising was unimportant   Flag question: Question 53 Question 53 1.25 pts During the 1970s, American Indians: Group of answer choices increasingly looked to the Bureau of Indian Affairs for solutions to their problems received satisfactory compensation for their tribal lands abandoned their attempts to preserve Native American culture in the United States became more militant through groups like AIM (American Indian Movement)   Flag question: Question 54 Question 54 1.25 pts Assimilation is a term applied to mainstream America’s desire to get which of the following groups to adopt white cultural values Group of answer choices All of the above Immigrants Latinos Native Americans   Flag question: Question 55 Question 55 1.25 pts The Nineteenth Amendment provided for: Group of answer choices the direct election of United States senators by the people. the prohibition of the manufacturing, transportation, and sale of alcohol. none of the above the granting of suffrage (the right to vote) to women.   Flag question: Question 56 Question 56 1.25 pts From the 1980s through today, all of these issues EXCEPT _________________ have remained at the forefront of American society and government. Group of answer choices changes in information technology AIDS The American population growing older (graying of America) immigration   Flag question: Question 57 Question 57 1.25 pts Major foreign policy issues since 1989 include all of the following EXCEPT: Group of answer choices our international border with Canada trade issues the end of the Cold War The threat of international terrorism directly on the United States   Flag question: Question 58 Question 58 6 pts Using Quantitative Data:  This question deals with economic data. Consider the following quantified data (first sentence) and the inference (second sentence) drawn from it.  Indicate in the box 1) whether or not the inference is accurate or questionable.  and 2) Then explain your answer. Data Statement:  From 1870 to 1900, the population of the United States increased from 40 to 76 million people, and the Gross National Product rose from 9 billion dollars to 37 billion dollars.  Inference:  The United States was increasing its wealth faster than its population growth. Accurate or Inaccurate?: ___________________ Explain:  ____________________________     Flag question: Question 59 Question 59 6 pts Determining Relevance of Evidence to a Topic   Historians cannot present all the data from a major event or development. To do that would require history students to read massive books on each historical period. In writing history, historians must pick what they will include and what they will leave out. The key to this process is relevance. Historians must determine whether a bit of information, an idea, an insight is related in an important way to the understanding of the topic or thesis to be discussed. At times, historians must leave out information and ideas that are interesting and true, but are not really related to the topic at hand. Nearly all information and data can be of use to a historian, but how it is used depends on what topic the historian is discussing.    The determination of relevance is a vital skill not only for the historian and the history student, but can be used by anyone who presents an idea or viewpoint and offers evidence and examples to support that viewpoint.   Examine carefully the topic below and then the two pieces of data/information given related to that topic. For each piece of information, state whether it is relevant or irrelevant to the topic. Then briefly explain you decision.   TOPIC: OVERALL, PRESIDENT EISENHOWER PRODUCED A SUCCESSFUL FOREIGN POLICY FOR THE 1950s. Eisenhower was sixty-two years old, and national war hero, and loved by many of his supporters when he became president in 1953. Relevant/Irrelevant:  ____________________________   Explain:  __________________________________________     Flag question: Question 60 Question 60 6 pts Fact, Inference, or Opinion:  Three basic types of statements are found in historical material.    Fact — This type of statement is presented in a form that claims to be based on reality.  Through research, a historian can determine the veracity of such a statement beyond reasonable doubt.  An example of such a statement is:  “In October, 1781, the British army under Lord Cornwallis surrendered to the American army led by Gen. George Washington at Yorktown, Virginia.”   Inference — Inference is a logical conclusion drawn from the available information.  These statements come from conclusions the historian draws from the data at hand.  They are an interpretation of the facts, open to agreement or disagreement.  An example would be:  “The Americans could never have won the Battle of Yorktown without the assistance of their French allies.”   Opinion — Although similar to inference, these types of statements often include generalizations based on moral or ideological viewpoints.  They frequently contain appeals to authority, intuition, or religious and political beliefs.  An example would be:  “The American victory at Yorktown revealed the inherent superiority of a democratic system of government over a monarchy.”   For the following statement about American involvement in World War I, determine whether it is fact, inference, or opinion and then explain your answer. The fatal move by the Germans that led the Americans into the war was the decision to resume unrestricted submarine warfare against all vessels heading for British and French ports. Fact/Inference/Opinion:  _____________________   Explain:  __________________________     Flag question: Question 61 Question 61 6 pts Fact, Inference, or Opinion:  Three basic types of statements are found in historical material.    Fact — This type of statement is presented in a form that claims to be based on reality.  Through research, a historian can determine the veracity of such a statement beyond reasonable doubt.  An example of such a statement is:  “In October, 1781, the British army under Lord Cornwallis surrendered to the American army led by Gen. George Washington at Yorktown, Virginia.”   Inference — Inference is a logical conclusion drawn from the available information.  These statements come from conclusions the historian draws from the data at hand.  They are an interpretation of the facts, open to agreement or disagreement.  An example would be:  “The Americans could never have won the Battle of Yorktown without the assistance of their French allies.”   Opinion — Although similar to inference, these types of statements often include generalizations based on moral or ideological viewpoints.  They frequently contain appeals to authority, intuition, or religious and political beliefs.  An example would be:  “The American victory at Yorktown revealed the inherent superiority of a democratic system of government over a monarchy.”   For the following statement about American involvement in World War I, determine whether it is fact, inference, or opinion and then explain your answer. The Germans were brutal and immoral, while the British were fair and considerate in World War I.   Fact/Inference/Opinion:  _____________________   Explain:  __________________________     Flag question: Question 62 Question 62 1 pts Which of the following is an example of a primary source? Group of answer choices a pesonal letter recounting the Battle of Iwo Jima No answer text provided. pottery shards from an ancient human settlement an encyclopedia article on the life of Malcolm X   Flag question: Question 63 Question 63 1 pts The thesis statement in an argumentative essay serves all of the following purposes EXCEPT: Group of answer choices answers the question being asked states the purpose of the paper mentions the quality of the author’s source materials it makes a claim to be proven with evidence   Flag question: Question 64 Question 64 1 pts Which of the following is the better phrased and proper thesis statement for the historian to use in an argumentative essay? Group of answer choices This paper will argue that the Battle of Iwo Jima was one of the most consquential battle in the Pacific Theatre for the following reasons: …. This essay will describe the Battle of Iwo Jima This essay will list all of the regiments that fought at the Battle of Iwo Jima World War II was the largest and most destructive war in history   Flag question: Question 65 Question 65 1 pts An article from a peer-reviewed journal is an example of what type of source? Group of answer choices Primary Secondary No answer text provided. Digital   Flag question: Question 66 Question 66 1 pts Historians analyze a wide variety of sources when researching human events from the past. Some sources are more reliable and trustworthy than others. Which of the following sources should a historian consider the most reliable and trustworthy? Group of answer choices Articles and essays from internet websites like history.com and Wikipedia Personal letters and official correspondence from people involved in the events being studied Photos and images of events that were released by an anonymous source Video taken from an iphone and posted on Twitter Quiz saved at 11:02pm Top of Form Bottom of Form Questions

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